Agneš Slavić – University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, Segedinski put 9-11, 24000 Subotica, Serbia
Maja Strugar Jelača – University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, Segedinski put 9-11, 24000 Subotica, Serbia
Nemanja Berber – University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, Segedinski put 9-11, 24000 Subotica, Serbia
Radmila Bjekić – University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Economics in Subotica, Segedinski put 9-11, 24000 Subotica, Serbia
7th International Scientific-Business Conference – LIMEN 2021 – Leadership, Innovation, Management and Economics: Integrated Politics of Research – SELECTED PAPERS, Online/virtual, December 16, 2021, published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade; Printed by: SKRIPTA International, Belgrade, ISBN 978-86-80194-53-0, ISSN 2683-6149, DOI: https://doi.org/10.31410/LIMEN.S.P.2021
The topic of emotional intelligence has attracted considerable interest from both academics and practitioners. Emotionally intelligent leaders have the ability to express, understand and regulate their own as well as others’ emotions. Previous evidence suggests that emotionally intelligent leaders play a crucial role in encouraging employees to perform at their best at work, which in turn can improve the financial performance of the organization. Still, there is little empirical evidence to support these claims from developing countries. Therefore, the research question of this paper is: Which of the leaders’ emotional competencies are required for outstanding financial performance of the organization? In this study, emotional competencies are analyzed through the self-awareness and self-management clusters. This study proposed and tested the relationship between managers’ emotional competencies and an organization’s financial performances, such as growth in profits, profitability, return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). Empirical data were obtained via a questionnaire survey involving 300 employees from 80 organizations in the Republic of Serbia. The methodology used in the study is a well-known ESCI questionnaire. The findings revealed a weak positive correlation among emotional self-awareness, aspiration for success and adaptability as emotional intelligence competencies and financial performances, whereas emotional self-control and optimism did not have any statistically significant relationship with financial performances. The results provide implications regarding the development of emotionally intelligent leaders, supporting emotional competence at the organizations.
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