A LOCAL PERSPECTIVE ABOUT STUDENTS’
ENTREPRENEURSHIP. EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIA
Ioana Pop Cohuţ
4th International Scientific – Business Conference LIMEN 2018 – Leadership & Management: Integrated Politics of Research and Innovations, Belgrade – Serbia, December 13, 2018, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS published by: Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Engineering Management – Belgrade, Serbia; Modern Business School – Belgrade, Serbia; Faculty of Business and Management Sciences – Novo Mesto, Slovenia; Faculty of Business Management and Informatics – Novo Mesto, Slovenia; Business Academy Smilevski – BAS, Skopje, Macedonia; BAS Institute of Management, Bitola, Macedonia, ISBN 978-86-80194-15-8
as a driver of local development. In this context, this paper focuses on youth entrepreneurship
issues, specifically students’ entrepreneurship and examines the push and pull factors of
entrepreneurial intention of students in Romania. Starting from the analysis of the literature
on the formal and entrepreneurship education as determinants of youth entrepreneurship, the
paper presents the Bihor County of Romania context regarding employment, entrepreneurship
and entrepreneurship education and the results of a quantitative research based on a
questionnaire applied to a group of 136 students from the University of Oradea, Romania.
The research findings outline a local perspective about the motivations and obstacles
that influence the entrepreneurial intentions of students and students’ perception regarding
university courses and services able to stimulate their entrepreneurial potential. The paper
ends with recommendations for improving the formal and informal entrepreneurial education
opportunities, services and facilities offered by the University of Oradea according with local
needs in order to encourage students’ entrepreneurship and to increase the number of
graduates who consider starting a business and self-employment in the field of graduate
studies as a viable option for insertion into the labour market.
local development, Bihor County, Romania.
 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) (2013) Youth
Entrepreneurship, A background paper for the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs
and Local Development, prepared by Francis Green, OECD Publishing, Paris, p. 24.
 Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development/ European Commission
(OECD/EC) (2017) The Missing Entrepreneurs 2017: Policies for Inclusive
Entrepreneurship, Paris: OECD Publishing; pp. 58 -71.
 Parker, S. C. (2005) The Economics of Entrepreneurship, Cambridge University Press,
Cambridge, pp. 114-115.
 Casson, M., Yeung, B., Basu, A., Wadeson N. (2006) The Oxford Handbook of
Entrepreneurship, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 511-651.
 Dejaeghere J., Wiger, N.P., Willemsen, L.W. (2016) “Broadening Educational Outcomes:
Social Relations, Skills Development, and Employability for Youth”, Comparative
Education Review, August, 60(3), pp. 457-479.
 Sikenyi, M. (2017) “Does Kenya’s Youth Enterprise Development Fund Serve Young
People?”, Institute of Development Studies Bulletin, May, 48(3), pp. 127-139.
 Onu, V. C. (2008) “Repositioning Nigerian Youths for Economic Empowerment through
Entrepreneurship Education”, Journal of Home Economics Research, Vol. 9, pp. 148-157.
 Bae, T.J, Qian, S., Miao, C., Fiet, J.O. (2014) “The Relationship between Entrepreneurship
Education and Entrepreneurial Intentions: A Meta-AnalyticReview”, Entrepreneurship
Theory and Practice, July, pp. 217-254, Available at:
[accessed Nov. 13, 2018].
 Carvalho, M. I., Simoes, J., Samagaio, A., et al. (2012) “Enterprise Potential of Portuguese
Students Fostered by an Entrepreneurship Education Program”, Eds. Vivas, C, Lucas, F.,
Proceedings of the 7th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship,
ECIE2012, Vol.1, pp. 68-78.
 Sharma, L. (2017) “Teachers’ perspective on institutional barriers to academic
entrepreneurship – a case of Uttarakhand state, India”, Teachers and Teaching, theory and
practice, 23(4), pp. 436-450, Available at:
https://doi.org/10.1080/13540602.2016.1205017, [accessed Nov. 13, 2018].
 Szabo, Z., Marian, L. (2011) “Pedagogical Methods and Models for Entrepreneurship
Education in Romania: Case study”, Ed. Fulford, H, Proceedings of the 6th European
Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ECIE2011, Vol. 2, pp. 805-811.
 Ceptureanu, G., Ceptureanu, I. (2012) “Youth’s Entrepreneurship in Higher Education
System: Case of The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies”, Ed. Soliman, K.S.,
Innovation Vision 2020: Sustainable Growth, Entrepreneurship, and Economic
Development, Vol. 4, pp. 1031-1046.
 Vilcov, N., Dimitrescu, M. (2015) “Management of Entrepreneurship Education: a
Challenge for a Performant Educational System in Romania”, Procedia – Social and
Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 203, August, pp. 173-179.
 Leovaridis, C., Frunzaru, V., Cismaru, D.M. (2016) “Entrepreneurial Education in
Romanian Universities”, Eds. Chova, L.G., Martinez, A.L., Torres, I.C., 10th International
Technology, Education and Development Conference Proceedings, INTED2016, Vol. 1,
 Frunzaru, V., Leovaridis, C. (2016) “The Interest in Entrepreneurship Among Romanian
Students”, Eds. Bratianu, C., Zbuchea, A., Pinzaru, F., et al., Strategica: Opportunities and
Risks in the Contemporary Business Environment, 4th International Academic Conference
Strategica, Vol. 1, pp. 612-620.
 Dodescu A., Pop-Cohuţ, I. (2015) “Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Romania in the context
of European Union: Policy Analysis for 2007-2013”, The Annals of the University of
Oradea, Economic Sciences, 24(2), pp. 207-216.
 Dodescu, A., Chirilă, L. (2012) “Regional innovation governance in the context of
European integration and multi-level governance challenges. A Case Study of North-West
Region of Romania”, Procedia – Economics and Finance, Vol. 3, pp. 1177-1184.
 Dodescu, A., Pop-Cohuţ, I, Chirilă, L. (2014) “Do practice stages encourage students in
Economics to practice entrepreneurship? PRACTeam project”, Procedia – Economics and
Finance, Vol. 15, pp. 1083–1090.
 Dodescu, A., Bădulescu, A. (2010) “Entrepreneurship Education and Training. Study-
Case: the AntrES programme on Women Entrepreneurship in Western Romania”,
Proceedings of the 5th WSEAS International Conference on Economy and Management
Transformation, WSEAS – EMT ’10, Vol. 2, pp. 479-476.
 Bihor County Department of Statistics (2017) Bihor County Statistical Yearbook 2016.
 Bihor County Agency for Employment (2017), internal data, September 2017.
 National Trade Register Office (2017) New business registrations performed between
01.01.2017 – 31.08.2017 compared to the same period of the previous year, Bihor County.
 North-West Region of Romania Development Agency (2017) Framework Document for
the Strategy for Smart Specialization in North West Development Region, p. 27, available
04-2017.pdf, [accessed Sept. 13, 2018].
 Oradea Municipality (2015) Local Development Strategy of Oradea Municipality 2015-
 Bihor County Council (2014) Sustainable Development Strategy of Bihor County,
2014-2020, p. 34, available at:
https://www.cjbihor.ro/hotarari2017/anexa/h203.pdf, [accessed Sept. 14, 2018].
 Bihor County Payments and Social Inspection Agency (2017), Register of licensed
training providers for Entrepreneurial skills, available at: https://bihor.mmanpis.ro/,
[accessed Sept. 14, 2018].
 European Commission, INTERREG IVC, Enspire EU Toolkit,
https://www.enspire.eu/UserFiles/EnspireEU_web.pdf, [accessed Sept. 15, 2018].