Delia-Raluca Șancariuc – Doctoral School of Economics and International Business, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

Dragoș Cosmin-Lucian Preda – Doctoral School of Economics and International Business, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania

7th International Scientific-Business Conference – LIMEN 2021 – Leadership, Innovation, Management and Economics: Integrated Politics of Research – CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, Online/virtual, December 16, 2021, published by the Association of Economists and Managers of the Balkans, Belgrade; Printed by: SKRIPTA International, Belgrade, ISBN 978-86-80194-54-7, ISSN 2683-6149, DOI:

Initial social conditions;
Instrumental variable



Economic literature has widely discussed the importance of insti­tutions in general, and that of monetary freedom in particular, for economic growth in post-communist countries, yet less is known about the determi­nants of institutional quality in these countries. While some studies argued that initial social conditions matter for institutional building, not much em­pirical work has been done to econometrically demonstrate their influence. The present paper fills this void by using regression analysis in order to assess the impact of the strength of civil society right after the fall of communism on monetary freedom in subsequent years, on a sample of former commu­nist countries. As a simple OLS regression is prone to endogeneity problems, the author uses an instrumental variable approach, instrumenting the ini­tial strength of civil society through the number of victims of terror during communism. The paper proves that the initial strength of civil society has a positive, significant and sizeable impact on monetary freedom 5-6 years after the transition process has begun.

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