Kristina Velichkovska – International Balkan University, North Macedonia
Besnik Mustafa – University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Bojan Georgievski – Tilburg University, Netherlands
As a result of closed borders, limited mobility, and social distancing, tourism is one of the first and most severely affected economic sectors during pandemics. Considering the characteristics of Covid-19 in terms of speed of spread and the consequences it has on human health, it was the most serious crisis that the tourism industry has faced so far. To prevent the spread of the virus, many countries implemented border lockdowns which disrupted life and caused a severe economic downturn. The restrictive measures caused a significant decline in economic activity and brought tourism to an abrupt halt. This paper estimates the impact of Covid-19 on tourism and contributes to a better understanding of the effects of COVID-19 on tourism in North Macedonia and the required response in different sectors at various scales.
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